Henrik Ibsen

Henrik Ibsen (1828 – 1906) is often considered the father of modern drama. Ibsen is held to be the greatest of Norwegian authors and one of the most important playwrights of all time, and after Shakespeare, his works are more frequently performed than any other playwright in the world. His plays were considered scandalous to many of his era, when Victorian values of family life and propriety largely held sway in Europe and any challenge to them was considered immoral and outrageous. Ibsen's work examined the realities that lay behind many facades, possessing a revelatory nature that was disquieting to many contemporaries. Ibsen largely founded the modern stage by introducing a critical eye and free inquiry into the conditions of life and issues of morality. His best-known works include A Doll’s House (1879), Ghosts (1881), An Enemy of the People (1882), and Hedda Gabler (1890). Many of Mr. Ibsen’s plays are realistic, issue-driven dramas that focus on social criticism.  A Doll’s House was Mr. Ibsen’s international breakthrough. His later plays shift to psychological and symbolic drama. His final dramatic works include The Master Builder (1892), Little Eyolf (1894), John Gabriel Borkman (1896), and When We Dead Awaken (1899). His “dramatic epilogue,” When We Dead Awaken, was thus and appropriately the last dramatic work that he wrote. In all, Mr. Ibsen wrote 26 dramatic works and some 300 poems.

(As of March 2016)